Natural Areas in Canary Islands
The treasures of the natural areas of the Canary Islands
The natural areas of the Canary Islands are a commitment to the conservation of the values of biodiversity, singular geomorphology, island landscapes and their relationship with rural culture, biotopes or the heritage of island scientific interest.
In total, there are 150 protected natural areas in the Canary Islands that occupy 36% of its surface. Protected territories that are with different preservation formulas.
Some, the highest category, are national parks, those of Timanfaya, El Teide, Garajonay and the Caldera de Taburiente, which compete in importance with the Unesco Biosphere Reserves (Lanzarote, La Palma, El Hierro, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, La Gomera and Macizo de Anaga, in Tenerife). Others, those administered by regional authorities, are natural parks, integral nature reserves, protected landscapes, natural monuments or sites of scientific interest.
The altitude, the orientation to the dominant wet wind of the trade winds, the degree of heat stroke, the stability of the temperatures, the mineral richness of the volcanic soils or the proximity to the conditions imposed by the neighboring African continent are decisive factors for these natural enclaves, which, in many occasions, are the support of vegetations that grow in authentic niches of life. Factors that result in an extraordinarily diverse and unique plant tapestry.
In these Canarian natural spaces, you can see the profiles and the consequences of the most unique eruptive activities, extensions of laurel forests, pine forests, native shrub species, but also salt on the coast, dune systems, massifs and volcanic profiles that They are reason for study.
The protected natural areas of the Canary Islands are the natural framework in which environmental values that are the most vivid image of the Canary Islands are preserved.
Parque Nacional de Timanfaya, Lanzarote.
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