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El Hierro

El Hierro Island, nature in peaceful mode

El Hierro vista desde el espacio

The island of El Hierro attracts attention for its genuine greenery, for its natural exuberance and for a placid isolation that seems to want to stop time.

The island of El Hierro is the westernmost of the Canarian Archipelago. It extends over an area of 268 square kilometers and has a vaguely triangular shape. The island of El Hierro is, from the geological point of view, the most recent of the entire Archipelago.

It formed about a million years ago, although the closest eruptions in time occurred 10,000 years ago, with a more recent period of activity that occupied between 4,000 BC and the year 1000.

El Sabinar de El Hierro
Sabinas de La Dehesa

In recent years, volcanic activity has been reactivated with the appearance of underwater emissions in the La Restinga area. The characteristic Arco del Golfo, in La Frontera, is the result of continued crumbling of the cliff structure of that part of the Island.

Administratively speaking, El Hierro is made up of three municipalities, Valverde, where the capital is located; La Frontera and El Pinar. The first inhabitants of the island were the bimbaches, aboriginal settlers who took advantage of the condensation of the water in the trees to provide themselves with it, on an island where there are no springs in the high insular areas.

The island of El Hierro suffered the consequences of emigration for centuries, depopulating in different periods. The herreños emigrated preferentially to Tenerife, Venezuela and Gran Canaria, always in search of the opportunities that such a poor island did not provide.

Ermita de la Virgen de los Reyes
Santuario de la Virgen de los Reyes

Natural spaces

The island of El Hierro has six natural areas and is a Unesco Biosphere Reserve. The territory produces electricity in a sustainable way thanks to the Gorona del Viento Hydroelectric Power Plant project (since 2014).

Landmark of the Herrera celebrations is the Bajada de la Virgen de los Reyes, patron saint of the island, whose image is processed over 44 kilometers, from the sanctuary in La Dehesa to Valverde on a round trip.

The island of El Hierro is known for its historical meridian, the Meridiano Cero del Hierro, which passed through the Orchilla Lighthouse and, until the establishment of Greenwich in 1884, was a reference for geographers and navigators.

Salmor lizards are another of the Herrera singularities, large reptiles that defy time in the rocks of Tibataje and in the same Roques de Salmor in El Golfo. A challenge at the height of a mythical island that is worth discover.

Valverde
Valverde

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